Emergency & Resuscitation Priority Plan
Would you know what to do in an emergency?
Only if someone's heart has stopped, CPR should be used, it may assist in keeping them alive until medical help gets there. Currently, recommendations are for 2 rescue breaths followed by 30 chest compressions repeatedly, for as long as possible possible at a rate of 100 compressions per minute.
You can easily protect yourself from saliva contact by punching a hole in a plastic bag or breathing through a piece of clothing rather than putting your lips directly to the victim's.
You should always call out if there are people nearby, to get help before beginning CPR or phone an ambulance immediately, it's even important even if it's to find someone who will take over from you, as it can be - a few extra minutes until the ambulance gets to the victim can be the difference between a survivor and a fatality.
Unlikely that your efforts will bring the person around, although possible, continue the CPR. Don't give up because they don't awaken you are still providing the body with what it needs to stop tissue from dying - CPR does save lives.
If a collapsed person has stopped breathing and their heart either isn't beating, or is beating in an extremely erratic way, they need the blood to circulate through their body to deliver oxygen, to the brain which, if starved of oxygen would start to die.
CPR is tempoarily doing the heart's job.
Chest compressions should be delivered to the very centre of the chest. Use the heel of one hand and clasp your other hand to it, then use your weight to press in the chest to a depth of about 2 inches for an adult, then release it to allow it to spring back. Do this quickly - doing it 100 times should take one minute. What this does is push the blood around the body, like the heart would if it were working properly.
After 30 compressions you should deliver oxygen to the person (rescue breathing). This is done by ensuring the airway is open - tilt the head back and check for obstructions - then putting your mouth to theirs, and blowing breath into their mouth and down their throat. This will go into the lungs in the same way they would take in air if they were conscious. The air in the lungs feeds the blood, and then you resume chest compressions to move it around the body.
Your priorities are to:
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